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OOP in Software Design and Implementation

by Ksajikyan for IT
OOP in Software Design and Implementation

Object Oriented Programming is a method of programming based on hierarchy of classes, and well-defined cooperating objects. Object Oriented Programming is a type of programming language where the developer has to first, plan out the functions and operations to be applied to data structures before writing any code.

Among some of the most popular Object Oriented Programming languages are JAVA, Python, C++, Ruby, Smalltalk, etc. The first step in developing Object-oriented style programs is to identify all the objects to be manipulated and how they identify each other. This process is called data modeling. Object Oriented Programming is a methodology or paradigm to design a program using classes and objects. It simplifies the software development process and maintenance by providing six concepts:  object, class, inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction and encapsulation.

Some of the benefits of using Object-Oriented Programming are its accuracy and sustainability across different platforms. A benefit of Object Oriented Programming is the ease of debugging the code. Errors that could possibly exist during the development process can usually be traced to their point of origin and then edited, eliminating errors all over the program. Also, with the help of inheritance, a developer can eliminate redundant code and extend the use of available code. Object Oriented Programming works the way real world works. OOP is modular, this means that it provides separation of duties in object-based program development. Object Oriented Programming is also extensible, objects can be extended to include new attributes and behaviors. Objects can also be reused within and across applications. OOP provides improved software development productivity over traditional Procedural programming because of these three attributes: modularity, extensibility and reusability. These three attributes also make software using Object Oriented Programming easier to maintain. Due to the modular design, part of the system can be updated in case of issues without a need to make large changes.

Sincerely Yours,
TCO team

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